Transcultural Psychiatry, 47 2 : However, the authors note that these figures likely underestimate the extent of stigma associated with mental illness since they only evaluated data on anxiety and mood disorders.
Studies which relate to the demographic factors, cultural factors influencing presentation of illness, diagnosis of the illness-culture bound syndromes and influence of the cultural factors and the belief system on psychopathology, stigma and discrimination towards the patient have been reviewed.
For instance, while some American Indian tribes do not stigmatize mental illness, others stigmatize only some mental illnesses, and other tribes stigmatize all mental illnesses.
The achievements of Western medicine have become the cornerstone of health care worldwide. According to studies of Southeast Asian refugees, an initial euphoria often characterizes the first year following migration, followed by a strong disenchantment and demoralization reaction during the second year.
Modern era and its increasing stresses call for stress management techniques and medicines devoid of side effects which increase the importance of alternative methods of medicine. With respect to the context of mental health services, the chapter deals with the organization, delivery, and financing of services, as well as with broader social issues - racism, discrimination, and poverty - which affect mental health.
Culture refers to a groups shared set of beliefs, norms, and values Chapter 1. Culturally Competent Services The last four decades have witnessed tremendous changes in mental health service delivery.