Psychiatry and its impact on culture essay

Transcultural Psychiatry, 47 2 : However, the authors note that these figures likely underestimate the extent of stigma associated with mental illness since they only evaluated data on anxiety and mood disorders.

Studies which relate to the demographic factors, cultural factors influencing presentation of illness, diagnosis of the illness-culture bound syndromes and influence of the cultural factors and the belief system on psychopathology, stigma and discrimination towards the patient have been reviewed.

For instance, while some American Indian tribes do not stigmatize mental illness, others stigmatize only some mental illnesses, and other tribes stigmatize all mental illnesses.

socio-cultural factors affecting mental health

The achievements of Western medicine have become the cornerstone of health care worldwide. According to studies of Southeast Asian refugees, an initial euphoria often characterizes the first year following migration, followed by a strong disenchantment and demoralization reaction during the second year.

How does culture affect mental health

Rather, it means that most clinicians share a worldview about the interrelationship among body, mind, and environment, informed by knowledge acquired through the scientific method. Physicians can work hard at achieving the best outcomes, while still acknowledging that their patients, like they themselves, must prepare for lives lived under some degree of constraint. Department of Psychiatry, Sr. Because African Americans and Latinos in the U. This really is not so. The previous chapter described ethnic variation in symptoms of somatization, the expression of distress through one or more physical somatic symptoms Box Here, Kleinman is at his most personal as he moves from understanding the experience of social violence and upheaval in others to the constraints of caregiving and the blunt force trauma of loss in his own life Kleinman , a , b , a , b. Belief system influencing course and outcome Shankar BR et al. In response to societal stigma, people with mental problems internalize public attitudes and become so embarrassed or ashamed that they often conceal symptoms and fail to seek treatment Sussman et al. Lower utilization by African American versus white patients was independent of whether patients were treated by white or black physicians Chen et al.

Modern era and its increasing stresses call for stress management techniques and medicines devoid of side effects which increase the importance of alternative methods of medicine. With respect to the context of mental health services, the chapter deals with the organization, delivery, and financing of services, as well as with broader social issues - racism, discrimination, and poverty - which affect mental health.

Culture refers to a groups shared set of beliefs, norms, and values Chapter 1. Culturally Competent Services The last four decades have witnessed tremendous changes in mental health service delivery.

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Indian culture and psychiatry